Journal of Chinese MedicineA Revised Neuromyofascial Understanding for the Neck, Head and Facial Channel Sinews based on the Ling Shu

Journal of Chinese Medicine, 114, June 2017 


The Channel Sinews (‘Jing Jin’, 筋經), originally described in the Ling Shu (Divine Pivot), have lost much of their clinical significance and relevance in modern acupuncture practice. In the contemporary traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) curriculum, the Channel Sinews are presented as symbolic descriptions of the myofascial system. This approach has its limitations, as myofascial anatomy alone does not adequately account for the pathways of the Channel Sinews on the neck, head and face. We have found that when the cranial and cervical nerves are included, there is a very high degree of overlap between neuromyofascial anatomy and the traditional pathways and disease descriptions of the Channel Sinews. This paper compares the Channel Sinews on the neck, head and face with neuromyofascial anatomy and assigns precise anatomical structures and landmarks. Our analysis demonstrates that there is a very high probability that the Ling Shu was recording precise neuroanatomical structures when describing the Channel Sinew pathways of the neck, head and face.


Urban energy: The Effects of Sound and Light Exposure On Sleep and Overall Health


There is a global shift of urbanization from the developed to the developing world. As the urbanization of our larger cities continue to expand, we are constantly inundated with various stimuli. Specifically an excess and variety of light forms and sound exposures have significantly increased for those who live in urban landscapes. This paper outlines where the sources of light and sound pollution come from, how this type of pollution may impact our health, and how this can be addressed.

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Acknowledgement in the development of the work related to the publication: What is the Point of Acupuncture 

MEDICAL ACUPUNCTURE; Volume 27, Number 2, 2015; # Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.; DOI: 10.1089/acu.2015.1093


Background: Acupuncture skeptics consider The Yellow Emperor’s Internal Medicine—a classic that is important to the theory and practice of acupuncture—as a work based on metaphysics. This claim is one of the factors preventing the mainstream biomedical community from accepting the clinical merit of acupuncture.

Objective: The goal of this research was to test the hypothesis that needle theory and acupoint locations described in the classics are based on anatomy and physiology, not on metaphysics.

Methods: Passages from the Ling Shu (Spiritual Pivot) relevant to the properties of acupoints were translated and then interpreted using biomedical science. Acupoint locations described in the Jia Yi Jing (Systematic Classic) were transliterated, and their anatomical significance was determined by literature review, dissection, and/or electrostimulation. Finally, acupoint anatomy was compared to descriptions in a traditional Chinese acupuncture textbook.

Results: Biomedical interpretation of the Ling Shu revealed a detailed appreciation of the peripheral nervous system, including observations, such as nerve depolarization, mechanical transduction, antidromic/orthodromic conduction, and segmental organization of the nervous system. Using the 11 acupoints of the Lung meridian as an illustration, 4 acupoints (LU 1, LU 2, LU 6, and LU 10) missed the verified neuroanatomical target, 5 acupoints (LU 3, LU 4, LU 7, LU 8, and LU 9) lacked anatomical precision, and only 2 acupoints (LU 5, LU 11) were neuroanatomically precise, compared to textbook descriptions.

Conclusions: This study demonstrated that acupuncture classics have a biomedical basis and that each acupoint has distinct neuroanatomical specificity. Understanding precise acupoint anatomy has direct clinical advantages in verifying acupoint locations and evoking the correct De Qi response for each acupoint.

Chronic Disease in Our Baby Boomers

Melissa Lee ND Toronto Naturopathic Doctor


In 2011 it was estimated that as early as 2015, the Canadian ‘baby boomer’ generation (‘boomers,’ or those over the age of 65) will outnumber those under 14 years of age. It is also estimated that boomers will account for approximately 25% of the Canadian population by 2036. As the boomer generation is living longer than previous generations, healthcare providers need to be prepared for the chronic diseases associated with this aging population. This paper explores how arthritis, Hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are affecting this generation and how naturopathic doctors can best treat these chronic diseases.

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Melissa Lee ND, Toronto Naturopathic Doctor, Leaside

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Melissa Lee ND, Toronto Naturopath, Leaside Hamilton Spectator’s GO Cooking Kitchen Tales: “The Art of Detoxification” March 2014